European Mediterranean

Natural climatic hazards in Europe, which are diverse and frequent, can take place any time of year. Storms and their associated floods often cause billions of dollars in damages – for example, those that took place in the United Kingdom in 2007, the lower Danube in 2006, the Alps in 2005 and central Europe in 2002. Europe also experiences other disasters such as the extreme heatwave in 2003, which resulted in 70,000 deaths and more than 10 billion US dollars in damages.
Natural climatic hazards may cause elevated sea levels and seawater intrusions into estuaries and groundwater that adversely impact ecosystems. Southern Europe's coastal Mediterranean region comprises 21 states. Climate-related hazards, especially drought, can deplete groundwater supplies that are already overexploited due to population growth and increased demand for water associated with tourism, industry and irrigation.
Water demand in the region doubled between 1950-2000, and is expected to increase another 15% by 2025. Many experts believe the anticipated demand for water is not sustainable. Climate models show a decrease in average rainfall of 4% to 27%, with particularly marked declines in summer.


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Disclaimer. The results contained in this website were produced within the CATALYST project "Capacity Development for Hazard Risk Reduction and Adaptation" funded under the FP7 by the European Commission. This website is the sole responsiblity of the CATALYST Project and does not represent the opinion of the European Community nor is the European community responsible for any use that might be made of the data appearing herein.
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